Crab Louis: 1912

Crab Louis: 1912

Packing crab, Garibaldi, for San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf, ca. 1966

The origin of the crab louis was briefly outlined here last year. Among the sources cited there were the second (1914) and third (1932) editions of The Neighborhood Cook Book, compiled by the Portland Council of Jewish Women. Notably absent was a reference to the first edition of 1912–because I didn’t  have a copy of it. Now, thanks to a lucky find at a shop in Baker City, I have one.

On page 181 is indeed a recipe for Crab Louis. While the dressing is not mayonnaise-y, it is piquant:

Crab Louis
Three tablespoons oil, one of vinegar, one-half [tablespoon] of catsup, two teaspoons Worcestershire sauce, paprika, salt, little English mustard, two hard boiled eggs, one shredded crab and shredded lettuce; mix together. Serve on lettuce leaves.

This recipe pre-dates that published (1914) in Bohemian San Francisco by Clarence E. Edwords and attributed to Solari’s restaurant, and is the earliest published crab louis recipe I have found so far, under that name.

However, on page 84 of The Neighborhood Cook Book is another recipe that comes a lot closer to describing a crab louis, with respect to the sauce, as well as to the crab being in “large pieces.”

Crab a la San Francisco
Take out the meat of a large cooked crab in as large pieces as possible–put in cocktail glasses and, just before serving, pour over it the following sauce: One cup cream, half cup tomato catsup, one tablespoon Worcestershire sauce, salt and paprika. Let stand on ice for at least two hours. This will serve six people.

So perhaps we have to point back once more to San Francisco… .

Revised October 11, 2013

One Response

  1. jhhhhh says:

    A Crab a la Louise recipe is on p. 297 of Victor Hirtzler's 1910 "L'art Culinaire: Hotel St. Francis Book of Recipes and Model Menus", online at Google Books.
    James H.
    (If the ID in this link is a book ID, it might work if you sign in to Google before visiting it, but if it's a session ID it probably won't: )

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